DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
MADURAI DISTRICT

BASIC DETAILS AND SCHEMES IMPLEMENTATION DETAILS

AIM

The aim of the Department of Agriculture is to increase the area under and all major crops, increasing the productivity as per goal and thereby increasing the production of all crops. Due to this phenomena, the per capita income of farmers and Nation will be increased. At present the growth rate of Madurai District is 2.8%. The aim is to get 4% growth rate before X th Five Year Plan. Based on this aim, various infrastructures with Nos. of State, Centrally Sponsored Schemes are being implemented as follows:-

Basic details 

1. Farming Population (as per 2001 census) :

Small farmers    58,716
Marginal farmers  2,05,771
Agricultural Labourers  4,01,867

Total farming population

6,66,354
2. No. of Agricultural Divisions : 6 Nos.

3. No. of Agrl. Extension Centres to cater farmers needs of Agricultural inputs and technical advices.

a) Main Agrl. Extension Centres
b) Sub Agrl. Extension Centres 



: 13
: 18
4. Seed Processing Unit 

: 2 Nos.

5) State Seed Farm  : 1 No. at Vinayagapuram, Melur

6) Soil Testing Laboratory 

: 2 Nos. at Madurai

7) Fertilizer Testing Lab. 

: 1 No. at Madurai

8) Pesticide Testing Lab. 

: 1 No. at Madurai

9) Sugarcane Parasite Breeding Centre

: 1 No. at Vinayagapuram, Melur

10) Coconut Parasite Breeding Centre 

: 1 No. at Madurai

11) I.P.M. Lab. 

: 1 No. at Vinayagapuram, Melur

12) Bio Lab. 

: 1 No. at Vinayagapuram, Melur

13) Agriculture College and Research Institute 
       (Tamil Nadu Agricultural University Control)

: 1 at Othakadai, Madurai.

Irrigation facilities 

1) Dams - irrigating areas, Madurai District :3    

a) Periyar
b) Vaigai
c) Sathiyar

2) Irrigation channels / canals : 51 Nos. (169.6 K Ms.
3) Tanks : 2579 Nos.
4) Wells  : 44,698 Nos.
5) Periyar - Vaigai Ayacut areas:
a) Double crop :
b) Single crop : 
: 13860 Ha.
: 49500 Ha.

Major crops and their normal area

Sl. No.

Crops

Normal Area

Productivity
M.T./Ha.

Production
L.M.T.

1

Paddy

80000

4.400 (Rice)

3.520 (Rice)

2

Millets

16700

1.200

0.196

3

Pulses

24,000

0.700

0.155

4

Cotton

13,100

2.5 Bales

29,900 Bales

5

Oilseeds

15,100

0.900

0.135

6

Sugarcane

7,000

200

1.400

Soil Type, pH and Ground water colour 

Sl. No.

Block

Soil Type

pH

Ground water colour

1

Madurai East

Clay loam

7 - 8

White

2

Madurai West

Clay loam

7 - 8

White

3

Tirupparankundram

Redloam, Black cotton

6.5 - 8.7

White

4

Melur

Redloam

6.7 - 7.5

White

5

Kottampatti

Redloam

6.7 - 7.5

Grey

6

Vadipatty

Red loam, clay loam

6.7 - 7.5

Black

7

Alanganallur

-do-

6.7 - 7.5

Black

8

Tirumangalam

Red loam & Black cotton

6.7 - 7.9

White

9

Kalligudi

-do-

6.7 - 7.9

White

10

T.Kallupatti

-do-

6.7 - 7.9

Black

11

Usilampatti

-do-

6.7 - 7.9

Black

12

Chellampatti

-do-

7.5 - 8.0

Black

13

Sedapatty

-do-

7.5 - 8.5

Black

In Madurai District there are 13 Blocks. Each Block is managed by one Agricultural Development Officer. Under him, there are 1 or 2 Agricultural Officers, 8 to12 Asst. Agricultural Officers for procurement and distribution of Agricultural inputs, dissemination of technologies and demonstration of techniques for increasing the productivity and production in all crops. There are 1 to 4 Agricultural Extension Centres, managed by the Managers. Record Clerk and Watchman to state and distribute the agricultural inputs.

 
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